About Jawaharlal Nehru Essays
On August 15, 1947, India finally gained its independence and Nehru became the nation’s first prime minister. Amid the celebration of newly acquired freedom, there was also considerable turmoil. The mass displacement that followed partition into the separate nations of Pakistan and India, along with disputes over control of Kashmir, resulted in the loss of property and lives for several hundred thousand Muslims and Hindus.
Throughout his 17-year leadership, Nehru advocated democratic socialism and secularism and encouraged India’s industrialization beginning with the implementation of the first of his five-year plans in 1951, which emphasized the importance of increasing agricultural production. He also promoted scientific and technological advancements through the establishment of higher learning, and instituted various social reforms such as free public education and meals for Indian children, legal rights for women—including the ability to inherit property and divorce their husbands—and laws to prohibit discrimination based on caste.
During the Cold War, Nehru adopted a policy of non-alignment in which he professed neutrality, but was criticized when he refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 and later requested foreign aid after China invaded India’s northern border in 1962. The conflict, known as the Sino-Indian War, had a deleterious effect on Nehru’s health, resulting in a severe stroke in January of 1964 and his death a few months later on May 27.
Jawahar Lal Nehru
The first Prime Minister of India.
Essay No. 01
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the architect of modern India. To achieve economic Independence, be started Five Year plans and got constructed multipurpose projects. He was born great and commanded the great respect room the masses of India.
He was born on November 14, 1889 at Allahabad. His father Shri Motilal Nehru was a leading Lawyer of his town. He was brought up like an prince. After his early education at home by an English tutor, he was sent to England for higher studies. He took his degree in Law from England and returned to a India as a barrister.
Mahatma Gandhi and other great leaders of Indian freedom movement were trying to free our motherland from the yoke of foreign rule. Pt. Nehru came in contact of Mahatma Gandhi. He also joined this struggle for freedom. He spent this parts of his life in jails. He lost his beloved wife- Kamla Nehru. He brought up his only daughter Indira will great love and affection.
On Jan. 26, 1929 under his President-ship of the congress, the Independence resolution was passed at Lahore session. He was the author of Quit India Resolution. When India got Independence on August 15, 1947, Pt. Nehru was the Prime Minister of free India.
As Prime Minister, Pt. Nehru worked very hard. He followed the policy of Non alignment. He asked the youth of the country to work hard to make India a great nation in the world. Even in his advanced age he worked extremely hard which made even the young the man blush. He earned great name and fame as the top leader of the world. He was no doubt this apostle of peace.
Nehru truly speaking was a great lover of children who loved him dearly and called him Chacha Nehru, It is due to him great love for children and children’s love for him. His birthday on Nov. 14 is celebrated as ‘Children Day! In the country every year. He was a great writer, his autobiography’ Glimpses of World History, Letters of a father to his Daughter all are some of his books which are acclaim and worldwide. On May 27, 1964 he breathed his last.
Essay No. 2
Jawahar Lal Nehru
Worthy son of a worthy father (Pt. Moti Lal Nehru), Pt. Jawaher Lal Nehru was really the jewel of India. If Mahatma Gandhi is the Father of Indian Nation, Jawahar Lal Nehru is the architect (maker) of modern India. He was the first Prime Minister of free India. He was much respected and admired not only in the country but also in the whole world. No other Indian leader influenced domestic and international politics as much as Nehru did. He had a charming personality.
Pt. Nehru was born at Allahabad on November 14, 1889 in a rich Kashmiri family. His father Pandit Moti. Lal Nehru was an eminent lawyer and one of India’s Patriots. Young Nehru was not put to any school. He was taught at home. At the age of sixteen he was sent to England. He was educated at Harrow and Cambridge in England. After taking a degree in science he studied law for two years and returned to India as a barrister. He began to work as lawyer in Allahabad High Court. But he was not interested in this profession. He wanted to serve his country and his countrymen. In 1916 he was married to Kamla Kaul. In 1924, she was seriously, ill so she was taken to Europe where she died on February 29, 1936.
He was impressed very much by Mahatma Gandhi. He became a fearless soldier of the freedom struggle. He spent his youth period in jails. He joined the Non-co- operation Movement started by Gandhiji. He gave practice. He went to jail several times he bore punishment happily. Jail life would not crush his spirit. He acted as Congress President in four different years before India became free.
Pt., Nehru was a great orater. His speeches were very impressive and inspiring. He was also an eminent writer. He was the author of many books. In prison he spent his time in serving his country , by writing books. His books are well- known all over the world.
It was under his president ship of the Congress that Independence Resolution was passed at Lahore session on 26th January, 1929. He was the author of ‘Quit India Resolution’. He was born rich but he was thoroughly a socialist.
He shaped India’s history. It is under his leadership that India has achieved so much progress. India has become self – sufficient in food. He took keen interest in Industrialization. He established steel plants with foreign help. He started five year plans. In fact he fought against hunger, poverty, disease and unemployment.
He had faith in most of the principles of Gandhiji. So he became the greatest apostle of peace in the world. As the Prime Minister of free India, he worked for peace. But he felt a crude shock when China attacked India in September 1962, India pleaded for China in the world but China stabbed India in the back. Nehru was a great soldier of freedom. Nehru did not like to join any group. He preferred to be independent in the world. Nehru launched Non- aligned movement. Now there are 108 country members non-aligned movement in the world.
Pt. Nehru died on May 27, 1964. Nehru’s death was a big shock to all peace loving people of the world. The Nation lost its great man and a great patriot. His place would be very difficult to fill. He was a great friend of the poor. He was the servant of the people. He lived for the good of his country.
Essay No. 3
Jawahar Lal Nehru
First Prime Minister of India
Mr. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a grist rank freedom fighter. He was the most beloved of Mahatma Gandhi for his qualities of head heart and soul. He was the son of great Pandit Moti Lal Nehru, a onetime President of Indian National Congress.
Mr. Nehru was born in Allahabad. It was an aristocratic family but highly dedicated to the cause of the freedom of India. Pandit Moti Lal Nehru was a high ranking lawyer of that time and so young Jawahar Lal was educated in England. He passed out from harrow school and Cambridge university. It was his father Moti Lal who brought him up in the highest standards of that time and finally sent him to polities. He became an active disciple of Mahatma Gandhi and took active part in the freedom struggle. He was sent to British Jail many times. His wife Kamla Nehru, to whom he was married in 1916 was also an active partner in the freedom struggle.
Jawahar Lal Nehru was an ardent ph8ilosopher, writer, orator statesman and a politician all in one. He was an authority on history and historical matters. He is the author of many reputed books like “Discovery of India”, “Glimpses of world History”. His being busy in polities and world affairs has deprived the world of a great writer. His style of writing and oration is worth the name.
Nehru as a leader was very soon recognized world over for his ability and control over the affairs he handled. Soon after he joined the freedom struggle. Both the Britishers and the Indian people pinned him up to take the responsibility of the country even before India was free. In 1946 he first headed the Interim government formed by Indian National Congress with active support of other parties. He had already served President of Indian National Congress four times.
Being top – ranking leader of the country he was made the first Prime Minister of India under the patronage of the Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. He took over from the British and was first to hoist the flag of Independent India on Red Fort on 15th August, 1947 at 12 mid- night. He vigorously took the reins of the country and worked day and night to lay the foundations of Independent India. He did the work so efficiently that he is rightly called the architect of Modern India. He sought help of all the friendly country to build the infrastructure of this country. he started with five year plan development. It was a great success. He was virtually the king and benefactor of India. His word was law. India was able to make a high prestige in the world community under his dynamic leadership. He became a leader of the world politics. He gave the slogan PANCH- SHEEL to India and the world. It all ended on May 27, 1964 when he breathed his last peacefully and the whole world mourned his death. India is yet to produce a leader of his capacity and caliber.
The able daughter of this leader Smt. Indira Gandhi served Prime Minister of India for eleven years with great success and ability.
Essay No. 04
India : First Prime Minister of India
Birth :1889 Death : 1964
As an architect of the modem India and a doughty champion of World Peace, Jawaharlal Nehru is immortalized in history. Nehru came to be respected as a world statesman for his policies of peace, secularism and non-interference in any country’s internal affairs. Nehru first appeared on the national political horizon in 1912 and in 1916, he came into contact with his political teacher, Mahatma Gandhi. Since then he continuously assisted Gandhiji in various, movements which he launched during the freedom struggle. Nehru was imprisoned frequently during the freedom movement and he spent a total of 17 years in jail. He was elected President of Indian National Congress five times and it was under the Presidentship of Nehru that Congress adopted the famous resolution of complete independence at its Lahore session in 1929. Nehru was also the main architect of Congress victory in the 1937 election of Provincial Assemblies. When country gained freedom in 1947, Nehru became its first Prime Minister. Nehru laid a strong foundation fog the economic and industrial progress of the country. Nehru pursued non-alignment in the international sphere. Non-alignment movement was founded by Nehru together with Col. Nasser of Egypt and Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia in 1961.
Nehru was born on 14th November 1889, in Allahabad (U.P.). His father Motilal Nehru was a famous lawyer and great patriot. He was educated in England. He qualified as a barrister in 1912 and returned to India. In 1916, he was married to Kamala Devi. In 1922, Nehru became the Chairman of Allahabad Municipal Corporation. Nehru was a man of letters. His most famous books are Autobiography, Glimpses of World History and Discovery of India. ‘Nehru, the beloved leader of millions of his countrymen passed away on 27th May ‘1964. Nehru loved children a great deal. His birthday is celebrated as ‘Children’s Day’ every year.