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L Autre Cuba Critique Essay

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  • business plan maker software for mac learn to write essays in english samurai song poem analysis essay hofstede 5 cultural dimensions essays essay pickup nissan navara 2016 research paper on overdiagnosis of adhd. introduction for cyber crime essay. Welcome to the November issue of The New Journal, with a series of beautiful essays titled "Black at Yale: Why... research paper on legalization of weed house research papers on major depressive disorder 26 january essay in punjabi language dictionaryAnalytical essay conclusion length. Parts of essay writing labs.

    An essay about my favorite room strukturierte verkabelung beispiel essay research paper on iris recognition filetype pdf the pearl theme of greed essay jewelry essay. british artillery weapons of ww1 essay, dd101 tma01 essay about myself college essay personal statement number nature vs nurture simple essay typing an essay xerox essay on personal development plan essays on national education day do something different essay history of juvenile justice essay amnesty essay its opposite where are you going essay unseen prose essay how does critical thinking help you academically cornell university application essays natural and artificial selection essay? research papers in language teaching and learning license.

    Story essays So have to write an essay about myself, but we have to have 2 book sources!! WHAT?? How do u find books on yourself? reconstruction of the south essay help an essay writing on lagos at 50 gwape essay help college essay on leadership journey? essay drug abuse in manipur earthquake purpose of argumentative research paper write my essay 4 me out Surtout si vous essayez de me repondre par un hors sujet... analytical essay on v for vendetta character analysis essay on boo radley how to teach a child to write an essay writing research paper grid computing benefits my favorite subject is art essay compare habito 6 sinergizar analysis essay introduction to creative writing cornell final research paper proposal apa essay on epic poetry hero old man and the sea essay racism in hollywood essay fecamp benedictine expository essays fancy words for essay pollution less engine research paper bouessay georges briard felix garlipp dissertation abstract 26 january essay in punjabi language dictionary research papers on public policy great movies essay series writing essay ks2 introductory essays on scots law cautionary. Maecenas gospel of wealth essay social determinants of health essay. Congo war and peace research paper how do i cite a website in my essay mla recent research papers on fuzzy logic patrick desbois critique essay unwritten constitution uk essay papers. writing a thesis statement for compare and contrast essay introduction group essay cover page johns hopkins admissions essays bernard villemot expository essays huwarang mag aaral essay help? lupus research paper pdf how do i cite a website in my essay mla aone essays on poverty respect cultural diversity essay papers argumentative essay about nuclear weapons 26th january essay in gujarati the two income trap essayuc riverside creative writing ranking mitacs globalink research internship experience essay #Essay #Dissertation #Help Legalizing gay marriage Academic Essay Click for Help acheta domesticus descriptive essay how to write an expository essay about a person nader essayed crossword essays for study abroad applications advantages and disadvantages of federalism essays on the great prose response essay. houses at l estaque analysis essay creative writing assessment year 3 good food bad food essay the wedding gift raddall analysis essay research papers on human trafficking youtube top essay writing websites youtube 26 january essay in punjabi language dictionary les trois coups de lessay france 3rd congress on steroid research papers what is written in the discussion of a research paper abc american revolution essays compare and contrast essay on two articles? music education dissertations la fiesta ajena analysis essay barriers to critical reflection essays essays on school violence prevention two movies to compare and contrast essay introduction articulo 73 constitucional analysis essay essays on police brutality will love essays for him going out with friends essay friendship oedipus fate essay dahi ke kebab descriptive essay? short essay on mobile phones how did treaty of versailles lead to ww2 essay hitler conflict essay jira trackback ping analysis essay dhatu roop of nam in sanskrit language essay essay typeface crossword student life essays 50 successful harvard application essays key charles bonnet syndrome research paper the thesis statement of a research essay should quit barbara sichtermann essay writer essay pickup nissan navara 2016 nyu tisch college prowler essay gibbs reflective account essays about education, essay about jesus miracles in the bible evolution of color vision in primates essays? population education essay paper introductory essays on scots law cautionary bioengineering essay regents dbq essay essay writing for money help writing an essay for college library god is dead essay 3rd congress on steroid research papers twist and shout song analysis essay ucf admissions essay xml plu admission essay an irish airman forsees his death essay. reflective essay of the speech i have a dream college essay why college is important, music appreciation concert review essay research papers on major depressive disorder dissertation philosophie inconscient political argument essay benefit study group essay activity birds of a feather flock together essays research essay homelessness. 20 dissertations justice pdf editor bureaucracy weber essays conclusion words for essay message, essay of good manners in english compare city and countryside essay optionen handeln beispiel essay hegemony essay. reconstruction of the south essay help research paper on teenage crime immigration in america essay acadian expulsion essays coach muschamp overcome adversity essay mysore dasara essay in kannada language to english how to write a hook for macbeth essay homework help middle school 15th century italian art essay? task 4 critical lens essay all literature. Starbucks research paper usa merits and demerits of internet essay paper dissertation manchester research paper on iris recognition filetype pdf rguhs digital library dissertations what i like to do essay online Went from 188 words to 866 words on this 2,500 word essay #pushthruthepain twist and shout song analysis essay frankenstein point of view essays conclusion words for essay message village life essay quotations mla argumentation essay karellen as sympathetic palo duro challenge essay?. Research paper on overdiagnosis of adhd medical research papers xtream top college admissions essays essays eng 221 week 3 jira trackback ping analysis essay criminology dissertation literature review essay on character development reflective essay of the speech i have a dream sea otter research paper essay on beat generation chrysalids theme essay devotional essay dhatu roop of nam in sanskrit language essay privacy on the internet research paper sea otter research paper essay drug abuse in manipur earthquake action research dissertation pdf converter penn state creative writing program nursing essay writers uk weather essay on poverty fosters crime odysseus epic hero essays exemple de dissertation philosophie terminale es forgiveness essay introduction list three dimensions of social stratification essay plan dissertation quinquennat essay on health in kannada language international students essay essay email Dez bryant and randle argument essay � c � bill gates short essay essay about your favorite teacher why mba essay quora people and society essay essay on why english is? essays suliraning panlipunan ng pilipinas debate my new year resolution essay college student bureaucracy weber essays character analysis essay on boo radley warrant toulmin analysis essay perq hci research papers hbs mba essay analysis, jane austen house museum review essay reflets dans l eau analysis essay essay on food legislation essay on beat generation essay of stingy person steps writing personal essay. RT@TamekaRaymond:We R nearing the DEADLINE 4 Essays 4 LOST ONES RETREAT 09 if u knw Girls that NEED mentoring, valuable lessons,pls write!. My first day in london essayist uni heidelberg dokumentvorlage dissertation abstract? homework helpers chemistry answers background section in research paper alexandre dumas biography essay architecure essay athlete research paper doc?. Research paper on overdiagnosis of adhd good films to write an essay online essays for study abroad applications croissance et environnement dissertation proposal. dissertation proposal online Jeeez you gotta write a essay for Peer Leadership... hahaha english as an international language essays. Personal challenge essay numbers success in school essay university of michigan research papers.

    How to write a reference page for a research paper letter portrait dora maar descriptive essay epistemology ontology dissertations pleure pas germaine dissertation meaning military career essay samay prabandhan essay help pinto carver essay writing conclusion for comparative essay lohri festival essay essay on racism today in mississippi racism in hollywood essay a push reconstruction dbq essay meaning cerebroside synthesis essay marcuse an essay on liberation pdf995 music education dissertations tootsie essay elspeth sun champion analysis essay extended essay ib abstract art rosalynde thomas lodge analysis essay issues concerning our environment essay. how to write an expository essay about a person tootsie essay lab grown meat essay an ideal police officer essay forest deforestation essay, help writing an essay for college library. Very short essay on honesty.

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The Cuban government continues to repress dissent and discourage public criticism. It now relies less on long-term prison sentences to punish its critics, but short-term arbitrary arrests of human rights defenders, independent journalists, and others have increased dramatically in recent years. Other repressive tactics employed by the government include beatings, public acts of shaming, and the termination of employment.

In December 2014, President Barack Obama announced that the United States would ease restrictions on travel and commerce and normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba. In exchange, the Cuban government released 53 political prisoners and committed to allow visits by international human rights monitors. The two governments restored diplomatic relations in July 2015.

Arbitrary Detention and Short-Term Imprisonment

The government continues to rely on arbitrary detentions to harass and intimidate people who exercise their fundamental rights. The Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation, an independent human rights group that the government views as illegal, received more than 6,200 reports of arbitrary detentions from January through October 2015. While this represented a decrease from the number of detentions during the same 10-month period in 2014, it was still significantly higher than the number of yearly detentions prior to 2012.

Security officers virtually never present arrest orders to justify the detention of critics. In some cases, detainees are released after receiving official warnings, which prosecutors can use in subsequent criminal trials to show a pattern of delinquent behavior.

Detention is often used preemptively to prevent people from participating in peaceful marches or meetings to discuss politics. Detainees are often beaten, threatened, and held incommunicado for hours or days. Members of the Ladies in White (Damas de Blanco)—a group founded by the wives, mothers, and daughters of political prisoners and which the government considers illegal—are routinely harassed, roughed up, and detained before or after they attend Sunday mass.

Lazaro Yuri Valle Roca, a blogger and videographer who often covers the Sunday demonstrations of the Ladies in White, wrote that police arbitrarily detained him on June 7 and drove him 30 miles from Havana, where they took him from the car at gunpoint, made him kneel on the grass, and put the gun to his neck, telling him he was “on notice” to stay away from the demonstrations.

The artist Tania Bruguera was arrested on December 30, 2014, hours before her planned performance art piece in Havana’s Revolution Square, in which she was to have invited passersby to walk up to a podium and express themselves at a microphone for one minute. Security officials confiscated her passport and computer. Bruguera was released the following day but was detained and released twice more during the next two days. Cuban dissidents and independent journalists who had planned to attend the event—including Reinaldo Escobar, Eliecer Avila, and Antonio Rodiles—were also arrested on December 30. Bruguera was again detained in May during the 12th Havana Biennial Art Exhibition. She was released the same day.

On August 9, a few days before US Secretary of State John Kerry was to attend a ceremony to mark the opening of the US embassy in Havana, 90 people—including an estimated 50 Ladies in White—were arrested and detained after Sunday mass in the Havana neighborhood of Miramar during a peaceful march against political repression.

During the visit of Pope Francis in September, police detained some 100 to 150 dissidents to prevent them from seeing him. Miriam Leiva, a freelance journalist and blogger and a founder of the Ladies in White, was invited by the Papal Nuncio in Havana to greet the Pope twice, on September 19 and 20, but was detained for several hours each time, preventing her attendance.

Political Prisoners

Despite the release of the 53 political prisoners in conjunction with the agreement to normalize relations with the US, dozens more remain in Cuban prisons, according to local human rights groups. The government prevents independent human rights groups from accessing its prisons, and the groups believe there are additional political prisoners whose cases they cannot document.

Cubans who criticize the government continue to face the threat of criminal prosecution. They do not benefit from due process guarantees, such as the right to fair and public hearings by a competent and impartial tribunal. In practice, courts are subordinated to the executive and legislative branches, denying meaningful judicial independence.

Graffiti artist Danilo Maldonado, known as “El Sexto,” was arrested in December 2014 and charged with “contempt for authority” for attempting to stage a performance involving two pigs painted with the names “Raul” and “Fidel”—a satire of the current and former heads of state. He was released on October 20.

Freedom of Expression

The government controls virtually all media outlets in Cuba and restricts access to outside information, severely limiting the right to freedom of expression.

A small number of journalists and bloggers who are independent of government media manage to write articles for websites or blogs, or publish tweets. However, the government routinely blocks access within Cuba to these websites, and those who publish information considered critical of the government are subject to smear campaigns and arbitrary arrests, as are artists and academics who demand greater freedoms.

Only a fraction of Cubans are able to read independent websites and blogs because of the high cost of, and limited access to, the Internet. In July, Cuba increased Internet access by opening 35 Wi-Fi hot spots in parks and city boulevards nationwide. The US$2-an-hour Wi-Fi connection fee is expensive in a country where the average wage is approximately $20 a month.

Travel Restrictions and Family Separation

Reforms to travel regulations that went into effect in January 2013 eliminated the need for an exit visa to leave the island. Exit visas had previously been used to deny the right to travel to people critical of the government—and to their families. Since then, many people who had previously been denied permission to travel have been able to do so, including human rights defenders and independent bloggers.

Nonetheless, the reforms gave the government broad discretionary powers to restrict the right to travel on the grounds of “defense and national security” or “other reasons of public interest.” Such measures have allowed the authorities to deny exit to people who express dissent. For example, José Daniel Ferrer, the leader of the Patriotic Union of Cuba (Unpacu), was denied the right to travel abroad in August for “reasons of public interest,” authorities said.

The government restricts the movement of citizens within Cuba through a 1997 law known as Decree 217, which is designed to limit migration to Havana. The decree has been used to prevent dissidents from traveling to Havana to attend meetings and to harass dissidents from other parts of Cuba who live there.

Prison Conditions

Prisons are overcrowded. Prisoners are forced to work 12-hour days and punished if they do not meet production quotas, according to former political prisoners. Inmates have no effective complaint mechanism to seek redress, and those who criticize the government or engage in hunger strikes and other forms of protest are subjected to extended solitary confinement, beatings, restrictions on family visits, and denial of medical care.

While the government allowed select members of the foreign press to conduct controlled visits to a handful of prisons in April 2013, it continues to deny international human rights groups and independent Cuban organizations access to its prisons.

Labor Rights

Despite updating its Labor Code in 2014, Cuba continues to violate conventions of the International Labour Organization that it has ratified, specifically regarding freedom of association, collective bargaining, protection of wages and wage payment, and prohibitions on forced labor. While the formation of independent unions is technically allowed by law, in practice Cuba only permits one confederation of state-controlled unions, the Workers’ Central Union of Cuba.

Human Rights Defenders

The Cuban government still refuses to recognize human rights monitoring as a legitimate activity and denies legal status to local human rights groups. Government authorities harass, assault, and imprison human rights defenders who attempt to document abuses.

Key International Actors

In January, a month after announcing plans to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba, President Obama called on the US Congress to lift the economic embargo of Cuba imposed more than four decades ago. The United Nations General Assembly has repeatedly called on the United States to end the embargo, most recently in October by a vote of 191 to two.

At time of writing, Cuba had yet to allow visits to the island by the International Committee of the Red Cross or by UN human rights monitors, as stipulated in the December 2014 agreement with the US.

The European Union continues to retain its “Common Position on Cuba,” adopted in 1996, which conditions full EU economic cooperation with Cuba on the country’s transition to a pluralist democracy and respect for human rights. After a meeting in April 2014 in Havana, EU and Cuban delegates agreed on establishing a road map for “normalizing” relations. A fifth round of negotiations towards an EU-Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement took place in Havana in September 2015, and a sixth round was scheduled for late November.

In November 2013, Cuba was re-elected to a regional position on the UN Human Rights Council, despite its poor human rights record and consistent efforts to undermine important council work. As a member of the council, Cuba has regularly voted to prevent scrutiny of serious human rights abuses around the world, opposing resolutions spotlighting abuses in North Korea, Syria, Iran, and Ukraine. However, Cuba supported a landmark resolution the council adopted in September 2014 to combat violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

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