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2010 Ap Language And Composition Essay Questions

 

2010

Ap®

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

AND

COMPOSITION

FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS

Question

2

(Suggested

time-40

minutes. This question counts for one-third

of

the total essay section score.)Benjamin Banneker, the son

of

former slaves, was a farmer, astronomer, mathematician, surveyor, and author. In

1791

he wrote

to

Thomas Jefferson, framer

of

the Declaration of Independence and secretary

of

state to PresidentGeorge Washington. Read the following excerpt from the letter and write an essay that analyzes how Banneker usesrhetorical strategies to argue against slavery.Sir,

      

me to recall to your mind that time invaluation

of

liberty and the free possession

of

thosewhich the arms and tyranny

of

the British Crown were

30

blessings to which you were entitled by nature; but,exerted with every powerful effort

in

order to reducesir, how pitiable is it to reflect that although you were

Line

you

to

a State

of

Servitude, look back I entreat you

on

so fully convinced

of

the benevolence

of

the Father

of

5

the variety

of

dangers to which you were exposed;mankind and

of

his equal and impartial distribution

of

reflect on that time in which every human aidthose rights and privileges which he had conferredappeared unavailable, and in which even hope and

35

upon them, that you should at the same timefortitude wore the aspect

of

inability

to

the conflictcounteract his mercies in detaining by fraud andand you cannot but be led to a serious and gratefulviolence so numerous a part

of

my brethren under

10

sense

of

your miraculous and providentialgroaning captivity and cruel oppression, that youpreservation; you cannot but acknowledge that theshould at the same time be found guilty

of

that mostpresent freedom and tranquility which you enjoy you

40

criminal act which you professedly detested in othershave mercifully received and that it is the pecularwith respect to yourselves.blessing

of

Heaven.Sir, I suppose that your knowledge of the situation

15

This sir, was a time in which you clearly saw into

of

my brethren is too extensive to need a recital here;the injustice

of

a state

of

slavery and in which you had neither shall I presume to prescribe methods byjust apprehensions

of

the horrors

of

its condition, it

45

which they may be relieved, otherwise than bywas now, sir, that your abhorrence thereof was sorecommending to you and all others to weanexcited, that you publickly held forth this true andyourselves from those narrow prejudices which you

20

valuable doctrine, which is worthy to be recorded and have imbibed with respect

to

them and as Job

2

remembered in all succeeding ages.

"We

hold these proposed

to

his friends, "put your souls in their soulstruths to be self-evident, that all men are created

50

stead," thus shall your hearts be enlarged withequal, and that they are endowed by their creator withkindness and benevolence towards them, and thuscertain unalienable rights, that among these are life,shall you need neither the direction

of

myself

or

25

liberty and the pursuit

of

happiness."others, in what manner to proceed herein.Here, sir, was a time in which your tender feelingsfor yourselves had engaged you thus

to

declare, you

2

In

the

Bible.

Job

is a

righteous

man

who endures much suffering.

were then impressed with proper ideas

of

the great

1 allow

©

2010 The College Board.Visit the College Board

on

the

Web: www.collegeboard.com.

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Ap®

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

Question 3

General

Directions: This scoring guide will be useful for most

ofthe

papers you read.

If

it seems inappropriate for a specific paper, askyour Table Leader for assistance. Always show your Table Leader books that seem to have no response or that contain responses that seemunrelated to the question. Do not assign a score

of

0

or -without this consultation.Your score should reflect your judgment

of

the paper's quality as a whole. Remember that students had only 40 minutes to read andwrite; the paper, therefore,

is

not a finished product and should not be judged by standards appropriate for an out-of-class assignment.Evaluate the paper as a draft, making certain to reward students for what they do well.All papers, even those scored 8 or

9,

may contain occasional lapses in analysis, prose style, or mechanics. Such features should enter intoyour holistic evaluation

of

a

paper's

overall quality. In no case should you score a paper with many distracting errors in grammar andmechanics higher than a

2.

9 Papers earning a score

of

9 meet the criteria for 8 papers and,

in

addition, are especially sophisticated in their argument,thorough in their development, or particularly impressive in their control

of

language.

8

EffectivePapers earning a score

of8

effectively defend, challenge, or qualify de Botton's claim about the vital role

of

humorists. The evidence andexplanations used are appropriate and convincing, and the argument

is

especially coherent and well developed. The prose demonstrates aconsistent ability to control a wide range

of

the elements

of

effective writing but

is

not necessarily flawless.7 Papers earning a score

of

7 fit the description

of

6 papers but provide a more complete explanation, more thoroughdevelopment, or a more mature prose style.6

Adequate

Papers earning a score

of

6

adequately

defend, challenge, or qualify de Botton's claim about the vital role

of

humorists. The evidence andexplanations used are appropriate and sufficient, and the argument is adequately developed and coherent. The writing may contain lapsesin diction or syntax, but generally the prose

is

clear.5 Papers earning a score

of

5 defend, challenge, or qualify de Botton's claim about the vital role

of

humorists. The evidence or explanationsused may be uneven, inconsistent, or limited. The writing may contain lapses in diction

or

syntax, but it usually conveys the writer'S ideas.4

Inadequate

Papers earning a score

of

4

inadequately

defend, challenge, or qualify de Botton's claim about the vital role

of

humorists. The evidence orexplanations used may be inappropriate, insufficient,

or

less convincing. The argument may be inadequately developed or have lapses incoherence. The prose generally conveys the writer's ideas but may be less consistent in controlling the elements

of

effective writing.3 Papers earning a score

of

3

meet

the criteria for a score

of

4 but demonstrate less success

in

defending, challenging, orqualifying de

Botton's

claim about the vital role

of

humorists. The papers may show less maturity in control

of

writing.2

Little

SuccessPapers earning a score

of

2 demonstrate little success in defending, challenging, or qualifying de

Botton's

claim about the vital role

of

humorists. These papers may misunderstand the prompt,

or

substitute a simpler task by responding to the prompt tangentially withunrelated, inaccurate, or inappropriate explanation. The prose often demonstrates consistent weaknesses in writing, such as grammaticalproblems, a lack

of

development or organization, or a lack

of

coherence and control.I Papers earning a score

of

1 meet the criteria for a score

of

2 but are undeveloped, especially simplistic in their explanation andargument, or weak in their control

of

language, or especially lacking in coherence and development.

o

Indicates an on-topic response that receives no credit, such as one that merely repeats the prompt.Indicates a blank response or one that is completely

off

topic.

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