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Argumentative Essay Should The Animals Be Used For Scientific Research Is It Humanly

The use of animals in scientific research has long been the subject of heated debate.  On the one hand it is considered morally wrong to use animals in this way solely for human benefit.

On the other hand, removing animals completely from the lab would impede our understanding of health and disease, and consequently affect the development of new and vital treatments. Although sometimes these studies do reduce the quality of life of these animals, thorough regulations are in place to ensure that they are carried out in a humane way.

To help minimise the harm animals may experience while being studied in the laboratory, researchers are required to follow a set of principles, the ‘three Rs’. These are:

  • Replace: Replacing, where possible, experiments using animals with alternative techniques such as cell culture, computer modelling or human volunteers instead of animals.
  • Reduce: Reducing the number of animals used, by improving experimental techniques and sharing information with other researchers so that the same experiments aren’t being done by many people.
  • Refine: Refining the way the animals are cared for to help minimise any stress or pain, by using less invasive techniques where possible and improving medical care and living conditions.

Below you can find many of the arguments being made for and against the use of animals in the laboratory, some you are probably already aware of and some you may not have thought about… what do you think?

Are animal models useful?

  • Yes
  • Scientists have been able to advance their knowledge of human and animal health and disease dramatically by studying model organisms.
  • Antibiotics, insulin, vaccines, organ transplantation and HIV treatment have all been developed with the help of experiments involving animals.
  • Research using animals has contributed to 70 per cent of Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine.
  • Animals play a small but vital role in medical research that brings hope to many people with conditions such as cancer, heart failure and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • No
  • No animal model is ever perfect and there are still many differences between model organisms and humans.
  • Humans and animals don’t always react in the same way to a drug. The reason that some medicines do not make it to market is that despite passing tests in animals they then fail in humans.
  • Some people will say that that animals have not been as critical to medicine as is generally claimed. 

Do the positives associated with using animal models outweigh the negatives?

  • Yes
  • The use of animals in research is essential for enabling researchers to develop new drugs and treatments.
  • The use of animals in the lab has dramatically improved scientists’ understanding of human biology and health.
  • Animal models help ensure the effectiveness and safety of new treatments.
  • Alternative methods of research do not simulate humans and whole body systems in the same way and are not as reliable.
  • No
  • Many animals are used for experiments and then killed.
  • It is expensive to use model organisms as the animals must be purchased and then fed, housed and cared for.
  • Some people will consider using animals in the lab to be immoral.

Are animal experiments necessary?

  • Yes
  • Some diseases, such as asthma and cystic fibrosis, involve very complex physiological processes that can only be studied in a whole, living animal. Until there is a cell that can be studied individually and can exhibit human-like responses, animals are necessary.
  • Legally, all drugs have to be tested on animals for safety before they can be used in humans.
  • Where there are reliable alternatives in scientific research, animals are not used. There must always be a very clear scientific reason for research on animals to be considered.
  • Through testing on animals we are able to ensure any risks of a drug are identified and minimised before it is tested on humans during clinical trials. This helps to reduce side effects and human fatalities.
  • No
  • There is no need to cause pain and suffering to animals when sophisticated computer systems, mathematical models, human tissue and cell cultures and more focused clinical studies can also show us what happens to our bodies during disease.

Is it ethical to use animals in research?

  • Yes
  • The UK has gone further than any other country to implement thorough ethical frameworks when it comes to animals in research. The Animals Act of 1986 ensures that any research using animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals. This involves detailed examination of the procedures and the number and type of animals used.
  • The use of animals in research is never undertaken lightly. Researchers working with animals carry out their experiments with extreme care to eliminate or minimise suffering.
  • Whenever possible painkillers and anaesthetics are used to manage pain , in the same way it is when an animal visits a vet.
  • To stop animal research would also be unethical as it would dramatically affect the development of new knowledge and flow of treatments to those with health conditions who desperately need them.
  • The alternative to using animals in the lab would be to test new drugs in humans. It would be very difficult for researchers to find willing volunteers who would be able to provide informed consent to been involved in testing a new drug that hadn’t first been tested on animals.
  • Far fewer animals are used in scientific research than are killed for humans to eat. It has been estimated that 2.5 billion animals are consumed in the UK each year. This is around 700 times more animals than the number used in scientific research.
  • No
  • Over 4 million animal procedures are currently carried out each year for UK biomedical research.
  • Animals feel pain and fear just as we do.
  • If we accept that animals have rights then if an experiment violates the rights of an animal, it is morally wrong and any possible benefits to humanity are completely irrelevant.
  • Certain harm versus potential harm. The harm done to human beings by not experimenting on animals is unknown, whereas the harm done to animals if they are tested on is certain.

Should the use of animals in research be a mandatory part of modern progressive science?

  • Yes
  • Currently animal testing is a compulsory, legal part of drug testing.
  • Animal studies are always used alongside other types of research such as cell cultures, computer modelling and human clinical trials.
  • Using animals in research has long been a crucial part of science and has enabled our understanding of how we function to progress in leaps and bounds.
  • No
  • Eventually, it should be optional to use animals in drug testing.
  • More funding should be put into developing alternatives to experiments using animals.
  • Just because we undertake animal testing now doesn’t mean we shouldn’t challenge how scientific research is done in the future.

This page was last updated on 2017-03-03

  • We have the right

    Guys, look at this like a food chain. We humans are part of the food chain. Like how lions eat rabbits for their NEEDS, we use animals for our NEEDS. Nature gave us our brains- a specialty only to humans. Nature gave tigers their fangs and claws, as their specialty. The tiger NEED other animals for their survival. We NEED other animals too for our survival. The tigers go and get it, and so do we! So, why are you guys in the opposition against humans for obtaining our NEEDS, but not the tigers for acquiring theirs?

    You may say that we are being cruel, but aren't tigers ripping limbs out of a deer more cruel? We humans are just mammals, but with a talented brain bestowed by the nature. SO USE it! Just like how a tiger use its gift of fangs and claws! There is NOTHING wrong with us for using animals for research as we are - sorry to reiterate- obtaining our NEEDS, just like any other animals do.

  • We're talking human lives, people

    Say a loved one has been diagnosed with a once fatal disease; it may be because of animal research that medicine can help them live. If i had to choose between the life of a dog and the life of my brother, child, niece, nephew, any person i knew, i would pick the person

  • This testing helps keep humans safe.

    Would I rather have my hair fall out and become bald or the rabbit's hair which was going to be used for other purposes anyway? Do I want my skin to be burned by unknown chemicals that weren't tested? I believe that I don't want that harm to be put onto me. Therefore, animals should be tested to keep the safety of humans

  • If there are no better alternatives, animals should be used for research

    Animal testing is not always ideal, but it remains necessary for research. While it is important to consider the well-being of animals when conducting such research, it must also be recognized the potential knowledge, developments, and discoveries that can be gained. Since such research can lead to new products and medicine that have the potential to improve and save the lives of both humans and animals, it is justified.

  • Animals Should be Used for Reasearch

    Animal testing is one of the main start points for the invention of penicillin. Drug testing is an important and long process. In a world that is so dependent on the reliability and advancements of medicine to survive and function it would be strange not to test new methods in some way. Would you rather a possibly beneficial drug be tested on humans before animals?

  • stop taking medicine people who are against this..

    People who are against treatment of animals as the experimental object for medical purpose kindly stop taking medicine or any kind of vaccine. As we all have advanced to a modern era from stone age. This progress of human transformation saw many advancement order to make not only human's but animal's life convenient as well. Taking the example of such research i would like to demonstrate it's constructive use on animal. With the help of medicine the cow who got seek of some disease can be cured and made to produce 20 litre milk a day.The lion suffering with any disease can be cured back to normal. So, the development of such research doesn't only help us while it gives back life to animals suffering with any problem as well. I also agree with the nature's food chain as explained by many fellows above. Can you stop a snake hunting mice and make it to eat grass, no you can't. As many people told the whole world is a family, I request them to convert the non vegetarian animals into vegetarians as ng a family member it should be your responsibility. I also request them not to use any medicine if they are fallen ill, only then you could support your arguments.

  • Testing on animals is a good thing, but it's also a bad thing.

    If we didn't test on animals we wouldn't know if a certain medicine is good for us or it doesn't work. The experiments are sometimes bad. For example, using animals for makeup, that's bad. We don't need makeup-.-. That's pretty much useless. The poor animals shouldn't suffer to make a woman pretty. -,-

  • Testing on animals saves lives

    Testing of experimental pharmaceuticals and other medicinal products has benefited human society greatly. It allows us to comprehend in more detail the medicines we use daily to treat life-threatening diseases and infections. If we stop using animals for research in the name of "animal welfare", then we are acting extremely irresponsibly and limit our ability to combat disease, ultimately endangering ourselves.

  • Certain cases

    If it was for diseases, than yes, because that can help the lives of humans in the future. But, if you take an animals life away for stupid reasons like makeup, hair products etc... because it makeup isn't helping deaths or anyway important really, so why should it kill an animal?

  • They saved more people than you know.

    Testing for makeup is a bad thing, but if it's for a vaccine or medicine needed to treat humans, then we should test. That's why it's called a TEST. We need to see if it's safe for humans or not. If we use it straight away without testing it, a whole lot of people would have died. Because of those animals, most of you are alive.

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